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Bees &

Apiculture

Technically Apiculture is the study and management of bees that also includes understanding the various processes of honey extraction and bee life cycle, proper construction of hives, ensuring the availability of various sources of nectar and any related activity to make sure that the bees live a healthy life. It also means that the beekeepers must have a thorough knowledge about the standards and controls set by the local governing bodies for application of best practices.

Beekeepers have a range of delicate activities to carry on such as construction of hives, replacing the queen bee, maintaining the hive which can deteriorate because of exposure to changing seasons. Handling the bees is a tough task and the beekeeper must ensure that they wear suitable clothing to protect themselves from being stung. The beekeeper must also know how to keep the hive healthy and away from various threats and pests.

Apiculture has seen a steady growth and is becoming a popular choice amongst rural dwellers who have agricultural lands. Proper training and advice must be taken before making apiculture an occupation. It is an art that blends interest and knowledge.

Apiculture Facts You Should Know

With the evolution of beekeeping production of beeswax, bee collected pollen, royal jelly and similar products also have gained importance.

Processing of high quality honey and related products has now become a matter of reality with the usage of break-through technology and modern equipment.

Some of the precautions that need to be kept in mind are: bee diseases, bee disorder remedies, appropriate feeding, dearth management and flow management.

Apiary honey is sold to pharmaceutical, confectionery and food industries where it is used as required.

Queen rearing, migration for honey production or for colony multiplication are some of the techniques which are used by beekeepers once they gain the expertise.

Some Of The Common Breeds Of Bees Found In Indian Apiculture

Apis Dorsata: Also known as the Rock bee, it is commonly prevalent in India. These bees can build huge hives and produce enormous quantities of honey which can weigh up to 15kgs per colony per year. These bees are known to be ferocious and are very hard to tame. Researchers are trying to find new ways to domesticate them.

Apis Indica: This species of bees is popularly known as the Indian Bee. They are found in abundance in Indian plains and forests. There are again several categories in this breed which are defined as per the plain and the region they reside. The average honey yielded by these bees’ ranges between 3kgs-5kgs per colony per year. These bees are quite easy to domesticate and are popularly used by beekeepers.

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